Type and Media is a master’s course in typeface design at the Royal Academy of Art in The Hague (KABK) . In the first semester students have several modules to complete that are interspersed with a set of enlightening workshops covered by guest lecturers. During the second semester, students focus on their thesis project. This site showcases the final projects of the class of 2020.

A big thank you to the faculty and supervisors at Type and Media for their expertise, wisdom, and support during this especially difficult year: Erik van Blokland, Peter Verheul, Paul van der Laan, Peter Biľak, Françoise Berserik, Frank Grießhammer, Petr van Blokland, Marja van der Burgh, Tânia Raposo, Fred Smeijers, Just van Rossum, Jan Willem Stas, Ilya Ruderman, Aleksandra Samuļenkova, and Kristyan Sarkis, and Mário Feliciano.

This year we had online visits, talks and lectures from friends and colleagues from all over the locked down world. We are grateful and happy that they took the time to join us: Paul Barnes, Ken Barber, Diana Ovezea, Kai Bernau, Nikola Djurek, Liang Hai, Thomas Huot-Marchand and the ANRT students.

Thank you to all the generous people who made our exhibition and this showcase possible:
Jack Curry, Arrow Type, Antonio Cavedoni, OHno Type Company, Ben Kiel, Commercial Type, Andy Clymer, Mark Davies, Christoph Koeberlin, Arthur Reinders Folmer, Matthijs Sluiter, Frank Grießhammer, Liang Hai, Martin Tiefenthaler, Letterspace Amsterdam, Michi Bundscherer, Susana Carvalho and Kai Bernau, Krystian Sarkis, Mathieu Lommen, Dirk Uhlenbrock, Mark De Winne, Erik van Blokland, Albert Pinggera, Paul van del Laan, Nikola Djurek, Rasmus Andersson, Daniel Grumer, Troy Leinster, Lettermin, Noheul Lee and Loris Olivier, Marina Chaccur, Exlijbris FF, Jim Catel, Alexander Kremser.

Website by Nina Botthof, Renan Rosatti & Jan Šindler.

The typeface used is Obviously by OHno Type Company.

Elena Peralta's header


Edonia is a type family inspired by exploring the pointed nib. Searching for ways to change the flow of a typeface specifically designed for editorial purposes, it is a study of shapes and an attempt to approach calligraphy from a different point of view. Edonia is a calligraphic study, disrupting the vertical direction of the strokes by applying changes in the strokes direction. It navigates how round shapes and diagonal cuts are transposed by looking at the different ways that they can coexist in a system.

Each style of the family is a chance to embrace a trait of its personality. It ranges from exploring the limits and links between expansion and translation in the Regular text style, to the Bold text style that focuses on verticality, the Italic which embraces the family’s calligraphic roots, and finishes with its visual extreme is explored in the design of the compressed Display. Edonia is a dynamic and unique family for the publishing world.

Elena Peralta

Elena Peralta is a graphic and type designer from Madrid, Spain where she obtained her BA in Graphic Design. Before studying Type and Media at the KABK, she lived in Barcelona, where she got an MA in Typography. She also worked as an in-house type and graphic designer at Seriesnemo Studio, developing projects related to branding, type and packaging while attending different workshops to broaden her knowledge of the field. With a group of friends, she brought TypeThursday, the monthly type event, to the city of Barcelona. Elena is passionate about type-oriented projects as well as creating graphic design pieces combined with lettering.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13


The project started with different experiments carried out with the expansion nib during the first semester. I explored the vertical stems in compressed styles in italic in order to create a rhythm. With this I started to question I how could break that texture and generate something else. I started to generate different approaches experimenting with the pressure and movement of the tool, shifting the focus from the vertical strokes to the horizontal ones. From these explorations, a field opened to a broader spectrum and various ways to approach it. The intention was to build a family based on the contraposition of each design in a unified way — a group of typefaces that would create very different impressions on the page while concentrating on breaking the vertical ductus.

I decided to explore the potential of this idea and see how the family could grow in different ways. I tried different ways to achieve the horizontal emphasis with sketches working on different types of contrast. At the same time, I needed to consider different ways of creating relationships between such different styles in the family: from differentiating styles (based on translation contrast for text and expansion for display) to creating a skeleton to use as a base for all the different designs. With all these different outcomes, I started to make what became a series of decisions to narrow down and organise the type family, in order to focus only on one idea. I decided to build my project on one type of contrast based on its roots: expansion.

The design of the display and the text were tackled simultaneously. They were like two stars: sometimes one orbited the other, sometimes it was the other way around. Sometimes each of them followed their own path and sometimes they met in the middle. It was a very dynamic and active process where the decisions made for each style had an impact on the direction of the type family. The first steps of the text style started experimenting with shapes and readability. I tried to find different ways to generate a texture that would look similar in small sizes but from differing shapes between Display and Text. Using a rougher approach, I began to consider all the ways I could introduce breaks in the rhythm of the letters. I also began to see how to translate those cuts that happened in the Display style from a disparate point of view. I didn’t want my text to follow the design of the Headlines and vice versa; I wanted to achieve different voices with each style. The text style started to take shape by finding a balance in proportions and establishing a system to the design.

By taking the nib and trying to draw the upright version of the original calligraphy, I started to construct a system. In a regular expansion contrast, the nib has a straight movement and the pressure starts at its lowest, it reaches its thickest on the vertical stroke, where the nib is completely open with the pressure following the direction of the stroke. For Edonia, I changed the direction of that stroke for the times when the tool was moving horizontally and down by increasing the amount of pressure. This caused the vertical strokes to stay the same as a regular model but changed the contours where the pressure was increasing. This created a new model with coherence that gave shape to a system.

The next portion of the project focused on the design of the text styles in order to eliminate distractions when used at small sizes and to balance round shapes with the diagonal cuts. I concentrated on finding the compensation between how the cuts were placed and how it influenced the darkness of the text. The next challenge was to apply those diagonal cuts to the uppercase. The letters with curves contained the cut in the counter shape, but the natural motion of the tool didn’t generate those shapes in the squared and diagonal glyphs. The solution came from different historical sources which had already been applied in the Compressed style. To harmonize the system, I created a tempering in the thin strokes in order to change the rhythm and balance the weight.

Once that design of the Regular text was sorted out, I started to look at ways to resolve its matching Italic.

Looking at the Regular, it became apparent that the calligraphic expansion roots of the design got diluted. The aim of the Italic was then to create an expansion-based design that remained close to the calligraphy which emphasised the origin of this typeface. After different approaches, I took my nib and applied the system that I had created for the roman. The outcome became a balancing act, generating a juxtaposition of diagonals and rounded shapes that would match yet contain the calligraphic origins of the family. Working with the change of the direction of the stroke in Italic was very interesting, and the design became more vibrant with the introduction of some details in the diacritics.

The Text Bold was only approached like an evolution in weight from the Regular at the beginning, but soon enough it brought other questions along. The main question was how the cuts would behave in the counter shapes when the weight increased, so they had to become steeper. The dispersion of the weight establishes more prominent cuts in the narrow counter shapes, setting the focus on the verticality; due to its mass, it evokes squareness in the system.

The Display style was a chance to explore the limits of the designspace. It changed dynamically with the design of the text style by testing the family in different editorial designs. This helped me realise the visual combination of the different styles in the page in order to achieve a very dynamic matching. Starting with the calligraphy made with the pointed nib, its design went from a condensed design with long joints, to an experimentation with the whiteout that became a stencil. Trying to create a contraposition of the text made me explore different values of weight and width for this style and even made me imagine a set of poster figures that resulted in becoming the main inspiration for the compressed style. It became an interesting optical challenge because the task resided in drawing the white, not the black. Evening the typographic darkness like a smudge that you spread and cover with whiteout to balance shapes made me come up with design solutions, the main one was to make serifs longer with a triangular shape to fill better the space without creating too dark terminals.

TM20: Elena Peralta from TypeMedia MA on Vimeo .